Maritime Mercantile City, Liverpool was designated a World Heritage site by UNESCO in the month of March 2004. It stands as a living example of Britain’s finest cultural landscapes. It has 6 main regions that attract attention to the place and helped confer itself the Heritage Site title.
The Pier Head
Collectively called the Three Graces, the Cunard building, Port of Liverpool building and the Liver building are the focal points of Liverpool’s waterfront. They stand proudly on the skyline boasting of the immense wealth of Liverpool in the 19th and 20th century when it was one of the busiest ports in the world. Even though a fourth ‘grace’ was planned titled ‘The Cloud’ and even designed by architect Will Alsop, it did not get built. However many other attractions are present in the Pier Head, namely the Egyptian architecture stylized art deco George’s Dock Ventilation Tower situated behind the Port of Liverpool Tower, the Museum of Liverpool and the old George Dock’s Wall.
The Albert Dock
Towards the south of the Pier Head is situated the Albert Dock which is a complex of dock buildings and warehouses. The Albert Dock warehouses were the first in the world to be entirely fireproof, for they were completely made of brick, stone and iron with not the slightest trace of wood. It was designed by Jesse Hartley and Philip Hardwick in 1846. This port is also the first dock in the world to use hydraulic cranes.
The Stanley Dock Conservation Area
North of the Stanley Dock Conservation Area and houses large docking areas. There are several famous docks in this area, namely Collingwood Dock, Salisbury Dock, Clarence Graving Dock, Stanley Dock among others. It is worth mentioning that two of the Clarence Graving Docks built in 1830 are still in use today.
Duke Street Conservation Area
Also known as the Ropewalks, the Duke Street Area comprises 2 warehouses on College Lane and Bluecoat Chambers on School Lane. This was among the first parts of Liverpool to develop due to its close proximity to Old Dock, one of the busiest docks in the 18th and 19th century.
The Commercial Quarter
This part of the World Heritage Site is an ode to medieval Liverpool, when it was a commercial hustle-bustle of sailors, fishermen and the like. Even today, it is one of the most commercially active regions of the city.
The William Brown Street Conservation Area
The William Brown Conservation Area is the central point of many civic buildings in the city and therefore rightfully termed the cultural quarter. Some of the main buildings of this area include the Walker Art Gallery, St. George’s Hall, Lime Street, the Queensway tunnel among others.